Funerarium And Crematorium: What Are The Differences?
After a death, the deceased’s family can opt for cremation by welcoming the body in a crematorium or burial by resting the body in a funeral home. Of course, it all depends on the type of funeral chosen. The different places associated with these types of the ceremony all make it possible to accommodate the body of the deceased. So what are the differences between them? Find out in this article.
A place of refuge for the deceased
Also called a funeral chamber, athane or funerary home, the funeral home is the place that allows the body of the deceased to be preserved before being placed in a coffin. In other words, it is the place where the body is kept until the day of the funeral.
Indeed, these funeral establishments are often operated by a funeral home. They are also operated by a public funeral operator authorized by the prefectural authority. Access to the funeral home is via two separate entrances. One is dedicated to professionals in the funeral sector and the deceased, and the other is to the public.
Presentation of the funeral home
A funeral chamber has a technical part comprising refrigerated cells which can accommodate the deceased in order to keep them in optimal conditions. It also keeps the body from decomposing. In this same technical part are specially equipped rooms, often called laboratories. The latter is used for so-called embalming conservation care, ritual toilets, or forensic examinations.
The second part of the burial chamber is accessible to the public. It contains a waiting room, a reception desk as well as private lounges which allow the deceased to be presented to loved ones. The prefectural list of authorized funeral directors in the department and the internal regulations are displayed in the reception hall.
It is also a place reserved for the deceased.
The crematorium is a building where the deceased can be cremated. In this establishment, the family or loved ones of the deceased can pay their last respects during a moment of meditation. Indeed, the operation of a crematorium is done by a delegation of public service. Thus, its construction depends on the community. Management is also delegated to a funeral operator by a call for tenders.
The procedure of the crematorium
Cremation is done in two stages. First, the coffin is introduced into a giant oven heated to around 850 o C. It is actually this heat that allows the cremation of the body by putting the wood of the coffin into combustion. The duration of this process varies between 90 and 210 minutes, depending on the body and the size of the coffin.
Then, the calcareous part of the bones of the body, called calcius, is collected, cooled, and placed in a sprayer. Note that the latter is a machine that transforms calcium into powder. As for the clothes and the flesh, they are transformed into dust and gas.
Finally, the coffin enters the crematorium through the part where the smoke filtration system and the ovens are located. This limits the release of pollutants into the atmosphere. Sometimes the crematorium recovers thermal energy due to the heat of the ovens. This allows it to heat the premises and provide sanitary water.
Differences Between Funeral Home and Crematorium
The first difference is the technical part of the crematorium. The latter contains a crematorium. Indeed, the big difference is in the way the two types of ceremonies take place. The burial at the funeral home is done outside, while that of the crematorium is carried out within the crematorium itself.
A crematorium is a place of burial and a place of reception for the body. Like the funeral home, it is divided into two parts. The first is dedicated to families. It contains a ceremonial room and a visual presentation room. The latter is used to witness the introduction of the coffin into the crematorium by video or through a window.
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